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Author:Leonard F. Koziol
Data Source:[B].SpringerBriefs in Neuroscience;;Springer briefs in neuroscience/the vertically organized brain in theory and practice;;Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience;;Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience;;Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2014
Abstract:Abstract The organization of the cortex includes widespread connections with the basal ganglia. The basal ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei that are bilaterally represented within the brain. These nuclei consist of the striatum (a general term that includes the cauda...
Author:Rainer Spanagel , Mathias Zink , Wolfgang H. Sommer
Data Source:[B].Current topics in behavioral neuroscience (CTBN);;Milestones in drug therapy2013
Abstract:Abstract Consumption of alcohol is the third leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide making it a major public health issue. After a brief account of the history and current situation of alcohol use and abuse, we describe the clinical pictures of the most severe neurops...
Author:Heinrich S. Gompf , Christelle Anaclet
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2019
Abstract:Compared with the two other vigilance stages, wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, non-REM (NREM) neuronal circuitry is less well understood, even though its role in neurophysiological functions and its involvement in diseases appear to be critical. In this chapter, we...
Author:Valentine Bouet , Thomas Freret , Pascale Schumann-Bard ...
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2018
Abstract:The novel object recognition test (NOR) has been exploited to investigate the effects of drugs and the role of their receptors in different stages of memory formation. We review here the roles of the seven serotonin receptors (5-HTRs) in acquisition, consolidation and retrieval u...
Author:Serena Scarpelli , Maurizio Gorgoni , Aurora D’Atri ...
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2019
Abstract:Once questioned the assumption that dreaming depends on REM sleep, subsequent studies focused on the neural correlates of dream recall (DR). Considering the indirect access to the sleep mentation, this chapter reviews the main neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and electrophysiolo...
Author:Dóra Zelena
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2018
Abstract:Vasopressin is the central regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis, the main component of stress adaptation. Therefore, vasopressin is thought to contribute to stress-related disturbances (e.g., anxiety). In order to study affective disorders, behavioral studi...
Author:B.M. Geiger , E.N. Pothos
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2019
Abstract:Animal models of disease and drug action have played a vital role in the translation of the effects of CNS drugs from bench to bedside. Because of the limitations in our ability to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of disease in the human brain, w...
Author:Denise Manahan-Vaughan
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2018
Abstract:Synaptic plasticity, in the form of long-term potentiation and long-term depression (LTD), comprises cellular mechanisms that underlie the acquisition and long-term retention of behavioural experience. A key structure for experience encoding through synaptic plasticity is the hip...
Author:C.A. Paladini , J.M. Tepper
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2017
Abstract:The nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) system is crucial to a large array of behaviors ranging from voluntary motor function to higher cognitive processes. Nigrostriatal neurons in vivo fire in three distinct patterns, modulated by afferent input. At least 70% of the inputs to nigral DA...
Author:Charles Lenell , Cynthia A. Kelm-Nelson , Michelle R. Ciucci ...
Data Source:[B].Handbook of Behavioral Neuroscience2018
Abstract:Rat ultrasonic vocalizations are a complex sensorimotor activity, relying on coordinated interactions between neural mechanisms and the respiratory and laryngeal systems. Therefore, sensorimotor decline related to advanced age likely impacts the production of ultrasonic vocalizat...

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